Mountains (German Riesengebirge, Polish Karkonosze) are the geomorphological total and the highest mountain range in the Czech and the Highlands. It lies in northeastern Bohemia (the western part lies in the Liberec region, the eastern part of Královéhradecký) and in the south of the Polish part of Silesia. The highest mountain in the Giant Mountains is Sněžka (1603 m). According to legend, he guards Mountains the mythical spirit of Krakonos. It is one of the most popular mountain areas in the Czech Republic.
Wider mountain range including today 's Mountains was already described in antiquity as Sudetenland, which is probably Celtic origin (most commonly translated as the Bohemian Mountains), or Balkan origin (translated as Kozí hory). Klaudios Ptolemaios (for example, 85-165) used Sudetayle (from the Ore Mountains) and Askiburgion (especially the Jeseníky Mountains, the surroundings of the vandal town of Askiburgium, perhaps up to the Lusatian Mountains, including the Giant Mountains) for today's Sudetenland. Dio Cassius in 3. century used the name Vandalski Mountains for Askiburgion. After Ptolemy's maps arrived in Bohemia, Bohuslav Balbín and Pavel Skála of Zhoř used the extension of the name Sudety to the whole belt (17 century).
The nature of the Giant Mountains is very diverse - the geological bedrock, its dynamic development in the past, the influence of the cold climate and the subsequent warming resulted in the creation of various habitats and preservation of rare species of both plants and animals for our nature. There are some 300 species of vertebrates and through 1200 species of vascular plants and several times more spore plants (such as mosses, mucus, ferns, lichens). There are several endemic species in the Krkonoše nature.
The Krkonoše National Park is predominantly a geomorphological complex Mountains in the Krkonoše-Jeseník system. The highest point of the park (and also the Czech Republic) is Sněžka with 1603 meters above sea level. It is divided into the Vrchlabí Highlands and the Krkonoše Mountains in the South, and the Giant Mountains at the Northern Border. Here are the effects of the last glaciation - creeks, creepers, moraines, tori, stone seas and other relics. In the eastern part of the park around Albeřice there are also karst phenomena - Albeřice quarries.
Various species of animals are bound to rich plant communities. Animal communities have formed during the last ice age and the more favorable period (called the Holocene). In the lower altitudes there are species of Eurosiberian fauna and with increasing altitude mountain species are being added.
There are several species of invertebrates representing glacial relics here, such as the wolf spider, the northern weaver, the mayfly ephemera, the ground beetle Nebria gyllenhali, the dragonfly Somatochlora alpestris and the Aeschna coerulea. The vertebrates were in Giant Mountains species such as North European Blackbird, Bluethroat Nightingale, Brown Plover, Redpoll and the most widespread rodent are vole.
The endemic species of the Krkonoše Mts. Can only be found in the rhododendron (Rhithrogena corcontica) and two subspecies of other species - the butterfly of the yellow-bellied (Torula quadriaria sudetica) and the gastropod (Cochlodina dubiosa corcontica).